Discover a world of Ceramics and Pottery
What does the beautiful, diverse, and imaginative world of objects and art created using Pottery and Ceramics have in store for you? Discover.
A ceramic is a solid material comprising an inorganic compound of metal, non-metal or metalloid atoms primarily held in ionic and covalent bonds. Common examples are earthenware, porcelain, and brick.
The earliest ceramics made by humans were pottery objects (i.e. pots or vessels) or figurines made from clay, either by itself or mixed with other materials like silica, hardened and sintered in fire. Later ceramics were glazed and fired to create smooth, colored surfaces, decreasing porosity through the use of glassy, amorphous ceramic coatings on top of the crystalline ceramic substrates. Ceramics now include domestic, industrial and building products, as well as a wide range of ceramic art.
The process of forming vessels and other objects with clay and other ceramic materials, which are fired to give them a hard, durable form, is known as Pottery. Major types include earthenware, stoneware and porcelain. The place where such wares are made by a potteris also called a pottery (plural “potteries”).
Pottery is one of the oldest human inventions, originating before the Neolithic period, with ceramic objects like the Gravettian culture Venus of Dolní Věstonice figurine discovered in the Czech Republic dating back to 29,000–25,000 BC, and pottery vessels that were discovered in Jiangxi, China, which date back to 18,000 BC. Early Neolithic pottery artefacts have been found in places such as Jōmon Japan (10,500 BC), the Russian Far East (14,000 BC), Sub-Saharan Africa and South America.
Pottery is made by forming a ceramic (often clay) body into objects of a desired shape and heating them to high temperatures (1000-1600 °C) in a kiln and induces reactions that lead to permanent changes including increasing the strength and solidity of the object’s shape.
The Difference Between Ceramics and Pottery
What are pottery and ceramics? Is everything that is made out of clay pottery? Are all ceramics made out of clay?
What Are Ceramics?
Technically, ceramics are those things made from materials which are permanently changed when heated. For example, clay has chemically bonded water in it which will cause it to slake down (disintegrate) when a dried clay object is put in water. Once heated (fired) to between 660 and 1470 F (350 and 800 C), the clay is converted to ceramic and will never dissolve again.
All clay is a ceramic material, but there are other ceramic materials, as well. Glazes are also ceramic materials because they permanently change during firing. Industrial ceramics include a range of materials such as silica carbide and zirconium oxide.
What Is Pottery?
Pottery is generally considered to be containers made from clay. “Pot” is a term used for any number of container forms. Both words are derived from the Old English potian, “to push”. When we consider how the potter pushes as they throw the clay on the wheel, it is easy to see how the process got its name.
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