Madhubani Painting in 6 Easy Steps

I have completed this Madhubani painting of Radhe-Krishna in a week’s time and taken photographs in each important stage. I am writing this blog to share how others can also learn Madhubani painting in 6 easy steps.

This blog was originally written and published by Megha Agarwal for her blog

I have learnt a lot by observing other artists’ at work – some in person and others through media. I strongly believe that in this age of Google ad Youtube one can learn anything and everything if one is really determined. There are lots of generous people sharing their knowledge and skill over the Internet.

I used to wonder what makes these wonderful people take so much effort to share their learning? Now I realize that their aim is to help others learn. And that’s exactly why I wanted to write this post – to pass on the help I received when I started painting.

I have completed this Madhubani painting of Radhe-Krishna in a week’s time and taken photographs in each important stage. Madhubani or Mithila is the folk art of Bihar.

Few important points about Madhubani painting for interested readers.

  • It’s an intricate art form and takes time to complete a painting. Please don’t be in hurry to finish it. Enjoy the wonderful journey of painting.
  • It can be done on a handmade sheet or any thick white sheet – no special papers needed. Just make sure you start painting on the rough side of the sheet. Smooth and shiny surfaces make the colours slip.
  • Traditionally, a special nib is used to draw lines with black ink in Madhubani art work, but that requires lot of practice. However, a black marker pen can be used to draw the outline (it’s important that the pen should be water resistant).
  • Water-based poster colours are used on paper while acrylic colours are used on fabric. Round tip brushes are used to fill colours.

Painting Procedure

Step 1

I start with sketching the border. The border is an important aspect of a Madhubani painting and it makes the painting look complete. Continuous geometrical designs or nature-inspired motifs can be used. Border can be from ½ inch to 2 inch wide (depending on the size of the canvas you are using). Bigger the canvas wider the border. Here I have drawn a ½ inch border.

Step 2

Conceptualize the layout of the painting. Start with the main character and fill the remaining space later. Here, I have sketched Radha-Krishna first and then made the tree, abstract peacock and fish in the given order. The idea is that abstract patterns should support the main theme. Since its Radha-Krishna, adding peacock and fish made sense. Peacock is the symbol of romance and fish stands for fertility, good luck and devotion.

Step 3

Repeated patterns are made to add detailing as you can see in tree trunk or in the way leaves are filled. There is no fixed rule to it and any pattern that blends well with the theme can be used. The border looked a little too simple so I added further detailing to it. As you must have understood no space is left blank and it should be filled with detailing.

Since in this painting we are following Bharni style, we fill the painting with vibrant colours. While in Kachni style it’s mostly black and white with minimum use of colours. I am biased towards Bharni style as it is more colourful and bright.

Step 4

While filling the colours, first decide the background colour and then choose the foreground colours. When background colour creates contrast with the foreground colours, it makes the painting more appealing. Choice of colours is very crucial. So, get yourself familiarized with the colour-wheel to know more about colour combinations.

Step 5

Once done with the background colour, I infuse bright colours in the foreground. When in doubt, start with adding obvious colours. Like tree trunk will be brown and leaves will be green, skin tone of Radha and Krishna, peacock will again be in shade of blue. After this it will be easy to visualize and choose other colours.

Step 6

You can leave the background as filled with single colour but Madhubani painting is all about intricate patterns. So I add repeated pattern with black colour (shown below) and fine tip round brush all over the background.

The painting is complete and ready to be framed. Decorate your home or your workplace or you can even gift it to someone.

Megha Agarwal


  1. Avatar
    Hemant April 20, 2017

    first time seen Radha with a Flute LOL

  2. Avatar
    Deepthi September 10, 2017

    Thanks for sharing your thoughts..
    Will be trying out it sometime..

  3. Avatar
    Neeru Sharma September 20, 2017

    Well explained.
    Beautiful piece!!
    Would like to try.

  4. Avatar
    Sakshi Nigam February 13, 2018

    We can use water colours for all madhubani paintings?? And the colours are filled after the drawing…??

  5. Avatar
    Mriganka March 11, 2018

    Well explained, beautiful picture,color combination is very good

  6. Avatar
    sruthi May 25, 2018

    As you said you’ve helped to understand Madhubani painting in a very simple and understandable way. Thanks a lot

  7. Avatar
    Darwin Painter May 30, 2018

    Thank you for sharing your expertise and knowledge with us! Very well explained

  8. Avatar
    Bhavna Parasrampuria November 27, 2018


  9. Avatar
    Sheetal Patil November 30, 2018

    Hey Megha,
    Explaining something in simple way is also an art and you have really explained it in a very beautiful way.I am about to start the painting and your notes turned very helpful.
    Thanks a lot for sharing precise information.

  10. Avatar
    Ratan Banerjee March 25, 2019

    Thanks a lot for sharing your experience and artist’s skill. This fascinating art form still NT widely practiced . I will keep regular touch with you as I am going to start making Madhubani painting .

  11. Avatar
    Neelam devi May 04, 2019

    Thanks a bunch, these tips surely helped me expand my knowledge about Madhubani and helped me prepare for my competition next week .

  12. Avatar
    Sridhara Munimakula May 06, 2019

    Well explained.I really wanna learn this art of painting .

  13. Avatar
    Tusha Soni May 21, 2019

    Thank you for sharing your knowledge. It helped me understand the minor things.

  14. Avatar
    ruchi May 25, 2019

    very well explained.thanks.

  15. Avatar
    Pooja Sharma malhotra June 04, 2019

    Excellent explanation of the topic.

  16. Avatar
    Usha Kalburgi. January 18, 2020

    I’m also art lover , thanks for your explanation.

  17. Avatar
    penkraft February 13, 2020

    Madhubani painting originated in a small village, known as Maithili, of the Bihar state of India. Initially, the women folk of the village drew the paintings on the walls of their home, as an illustration of their thoughts, hopes, and dreams.

    The traditional base of freshly plastered mud wall of the hut has now been replaced by cloth, handmade paper, and canvas. Since the paintings have been confined to a limited geographical range, the themes, as well as the style, are, more or less, the same. Indian Maithili paintings make use of three-dimensional images and the colours that are used are derived mainly from plants. The themes on which these paintings are based include nature and mythological events. The first reference to the Maithili painting of Bihar dates back to the time of Ramayana when King Janaka ordered the paintings to be created for his daughter, Sita’s, wedding

  18. Avatar
    Rosy May 16, 2020

    Very helpful as I am very new to try madhubani painting. Thanks

  19. Avatar
    Vijaylakshmi Jha May 31, 2020

    It’s a very simple step by step guide. Really helpful. Thanks and awesome work. Keep growing.

  20. Avatar
    Veena June 26, 2020

    Beautifully explained . Useful tips thanks a lot.

  21. Avatar
    Sweatha February 04, 2021

    Thanking you for the explanation, it helped me to know more about Madhubani painting.

  22. Avatar
    Sheetal August 22, 2021

    Beautiful, can I try this with water color painting?
    I have no words to say..dumbstruck.



Leave reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *